COVID-19 pandemic has been a global outbreak of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2 virus) since 2019. Taiwan Chingguan Yihau (NRICM101) is the first traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) classic herbal formula and is widely used for COVID-19 patients in Taiwan and more than 50 nations. This study is to investigate in silico target fishing for the components of NRICM101 and to explore whether NRICM101 inhibits cytokines-induced normal human lung cell injury in vitro. Our results showed that network prediction of NRICM101 by a high throughput target screening platform showed that NRICM101 has multiple functions that may affect cytokine regulation to prevent human lung cell injury. In addition, NRICM101 revealed protective effects against TNF-α/IL-1β-induced normal human lung HEL 299 cell injury through JNK and p38MAPK kinase signaling. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of NRICM101 on TNF-α/IL-1β-injured HEL 299 cells indicated that inflammatory pathway, cell movement of macrophages, cellular infiltration by macrophages, and Th1/Th2 immuno-regulation pathways were included. Thus, NRICM101 is a therapeutic agent, and it can improve COVID-19 syndrome to confer beneficial effects through multiple targeting and multiple mechanisms.
Cheng, Yih-Dih; Lu, Chi‑Cheng; Hsu, Yuan-Man; Tsai, Fuu-Jen; Bau, Da-Tian; Tsai, Shih-Chang; Cheng, Ching-Chang; Lin, Jen-Jyh; Huang, Yuang-Yu; Juan, Yu-Ning; Chiu, Yu-Jen; Kuo, Sheng-Chu; Yang, Jai-Sing; and Wu, Lii-Tzu
"In silico and in vitro studies of Taiwan Chingguan Yihau (NRICM101) on TNF-α/IL-1β-induced Human Lung Cells,"
BioMedicine: Vol. 12
, Article 8.
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